overground scene


Diabolical Summoning 20 years on: an interview with Andre Tolhuisen

The year 2013 marks the 20th anniversary of many monumental death metal albums such as Indecent and Obscene (Dismember), Wolverine Blues (Entombed), With fear… (At the Gates), Covenant (Morbid Angel) and Heartwork (Carcass). The year 1993 was also the year the Dutch band Sinister released their sophomore masterpiece Diabolical Summoning.

diabolicaDiabolical Summoning is, to my ears, an undisputed masterpiece because it exemplifies in many ways the uncompromising spirit of death metal music. First of all, it pushes the boundaries of extremity that other bands before them set. The way it pushes these boundaries is not necessarily by means of speed or brutality. Other bands were both faster and more brutal than Sinister at the time. However, Sinister pushed the limits of extremity and challenged musical conventions with their unique blend of phenomenal dissonant riffing (Andre’s playing involved quick shifting between slow and fast alternate picking and the mixing of more conventional melodies with warped melodies and grind rhythms), simple but creative and colorful drumming (one of Aad’s trademark characteristics was his out-of-control high hat blastbeats, that created a very chaotic atmosphere) and, finally, Mike’s raging brutal vocals that did not come at the expense of clear articulation. Mike was, to my ears, the perfect death metal vocalist; he managed to come up with catchy and interesting vocal patterns, he had an amazingly brutal voice and most of the things he sang were audible. This chemistry rendered possible one of death metal’s most excellent albums ever: Diabolical Summoning.

The person responsible for the bulk of the music in this album is Sinister+crossAndre Tolhuisen. In the remainder of this post Andre, who left Sinister in 1994, offers some interesting insights on the creation of Diabolical Summoning. In his accounts it is described how when he joined Sinister he had to embody the logic of Ron’s riffing (Ron was already the guitarist before Andre joined the band). Andre notes that internalising this logic was not only a mental task but a practical task as well and that embodiment occurred over time. In Andre’s words it also becomes clear that the incorporation of that new musical logic into Andre’s existing musical logic – which was more thrash oriented – resulted in a new form of musical expression that included elements of both styles. Other interesting topics that emerged from my discussion with Andre relate to the practices of cultural transfer between young death metal musicians at the time. The communication of musical rules and practices which were still obscure and in a process of emergence would take place in face-to-face encounters, from one friend to the other. This type of direct communication allowed young musicians – who had not gone through the legitimate channels of musical training and hence faced obstacles in transmitting sub-cultural norms and practices in a standardised and formalised manner – to teach each other death metal music in a more informal and hands-on manner. What follows are parts of the discussion I had with Andre on the comment section of a previous post and through e-mail.

I read on the Metal Archives that before joining Sinister you played in the thrash band Vulture. How did you hook up with the rest of the guys in Sinister?

“Back in 1990, about a year after Vulture, I was hanging out in a metal bar where Mike, Ron and Aad also came every now and then. We started talking and they asked me if I was interested in playing guitar with them and they gave me the demo to listen to. Well, when I heard the tape I could not really hear what they were playing and asked them if I could come to their practice room and I was amazed and shocked by Ron`s guitar parts. He had a terrible sound but I could see what he was playing and I was hooked; from that moment I was in the band.”

How different was the guitar playing you did for Vulture from the playing you did for Sinister?

“The feel was totally different,Vulture was not really my thing, especially the high vocals were not my thing. I wanted to play more brutal music but didn’t really know how. Death Metal was very underground back then and I was in the thrash scene so I never heard that kind of stuff before. Also the rhythms are very different and more complicated.”

How was the writing process for Diabolical Summoning? Did you collaborate with Bart on songs or each one composed music on their own?

“I wrote most of the stuff at home with a cheap cassette recorder by myself, later Bart was also starting to write stuff and sometimes we did it together but that was usually during rehearsal.”

Earlier Andre had mentioned:

“I wrote Diabolical for 90 % [and] the rest is credited to Bart who played bass back then.”

Would you write music first and then lyrics or the other way around? If it was the latter, did the lyrical content ever influence the music you wrote?

“As far as I remember it was always the music first and I personally don`t recall that the lyrics were an influence to the music.”

Which were your musical influences during the time you composed the music for Diabolical Summoning?

“Dark Angel’s Darkness Descends was a big influence and also Ron`s way of playing was a big influence in combination with my thrash background.”

Did your own style totally adapt to the style Sinister had when you joined, or did you keep some of your personal elements too?

“I think you can say that I adapted in a big way but still kept a little of my own influences.”

Earlier Andre had mentioned:

“The riffs that Ron came up with was stuff I never heard before, it was also really hard to learn his stuff in the beginning. I asked him to move in to my house to sit down and get it in my head and fingers, it took me about six weeks to learn the first album. We both couldn’t read any music so we had to do it like that. When he left the band I really had to get used to be the only guitar player. Bart was already in the band by then as a bass player and after some time we got used to it.”

How did you compose music?

“It would just pop up in my head, I really have no idea where it came from. I could be standing in the shower and get a riff in my head and rush out to record it.”

In which ways do you think Diabolical Summoning differs from Cross the Styx?

“That’s a tough question, Cross the Styx is totally Ron`s style except for Corridors to the abyss, and Diabolical is a combination of Ron and my style.”

Which songs off Diabolical Summoning are you most proud of or you like the most?

“Corridors to the abyss [off Cross the Styx] was written spontaneously on the first or second rehearsal if I remember well. It was my first Death Metal song written for them and we all got chills when we were playing it over and over; very nice memories. Desecrated Flesh was also my favorite and Diabolical and Sadistic intent.”

Which parts are the most challenging to play?

“Stuff I wrote myself wasn’t hard. The last song on the album [mystical illusions] was written by Bart and I found it hard to play to be honest. During recording of the album I did all guitar parts myself except for one riff in the middle, I just could not get it down and told Bart that it would be better if he played it, cause I wanted it to be played good. So, he recorded that part.”

Andre is no longer active in bands but is still proud of what he did with Sinister all these years ago and still listens to old stuff like Amon, Deicide, Morbid Angel, Suffocation, Hate Eternal (all the good stuff that is). And he should be proud because after 20 years, Diabolical Summoning has not lost one bit of its freshness and it can rightfully be celebrated among the monuments of the genre. Its power lies in the inventive song structures, the outstanding chemistry within the band and the passionate performances which render each song memorable and unique. The introduction of songs like “Sense of demise”, “Diabolical summoning”, and “Sadistic intent” will always be engraved in your mind once you hear them. The chorus and fast break of “Desecrated flesh” (with the super-massive riff that is able to destroy the planet) redefined the concept of intensity. These are songs with the power to drive a person to the most frantic dance and, at the same time, the most deep meditation. Sinister’s style of death metal was unique and no band ever came close to capturing that magic. Below I submit a video I found on YouTube of Andre (wearing a Deicide shirt) with Sinister playing “Desecrated flesh” live in 1994.

p.s. Greetings to Andre for answering my questions and loads of respect. I hope I did not act too much like a fanboy. All the best!

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[…] its splendour (Diabolic summoning is primarily Andre Tolhuisen’s brainchild – read more here). Completing the line-up of Neocaesar are Erik de Windt, who sang on Sinister’s monumental  […]

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